- Always use a rear-facing infant car seat placed in the center of the back seat
- Never leave a baby unattended – this includes pets
- Set hot water thermostat at less than 120 degrees F
- Make sure smoke detectors are in place and working
- Avoid sun exposure to baby’s tender skin
Parenting and Behavioral
- Hold, cuddle, talk to, sing to and rock your baby as much as you can. A lot of your infant’s development depend on his or her interaction with you. Enjoy the time they are awake. Every touch stimulates the baby’s brain. Holding the baby in “feeding position” when they are awake helps them associate your face with your smell and voice.
- Crying is how babies communicate so responding to them every time they cry at this age promotes healthy bonding. Hungry cries are usually accompanied by hunger signals like lip smacking, rooting or turning towards your body. Gassy cries often involve bringing their legs up to their stomachs. Sometimes, babies cry due to colic or overstimulation. The following link provides some ideas for soothing strategies: https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/crying-colic/Pages/Calming-A-Fussy-Baby.aspx
- You should make sure YOU get enough rest. Take a nap when your baby naps. Encourage dad and other family members to help care for your baby so you can rest. If you feel overwhelmed, frustrated or angry, find a safe place and put the baby down. Take a “time out” to get calm and get help.
- Make feeding a pleasant time for the entire family. Babies thrive on affection and touching that is a part of the feeding process.
- Learn the “hunger” signs most babies will show when they are hungry – they will often root, make smacking noises with their lips or simulate sucking when they are hungry.
- Breastfeed or give iron-fortified formula unless otherwise directed by the doctor – newborn babies should not drink water or whole milk.
- solely breastfed babies should receive Vitamin D supplementation daily until they are 6 months old.
- Know that your baby’s feeding habits will vary from day to day babies this age generally have between 1-3 ounces/every 4-6 hours
- Once your milk is in, breastfed babies should be feeding about 15-20 min on each side – pre-pumping about 3-5 min before putting the baby to breast sometimes help make initial feedings easier.
- Most infants will feed every 4 hours including overnight
- Do not bottle prop, or put bottle in bed
- Never give an infant honey
- Do not microwave breast milk or formula for feedings
- the following links provide great information on breastfeeding and safe storage of formula and breastmilk
- Always put your baby to sleep on his or her back
- Most infants sleep for a majority of the day
- Sleep patterns vary from baby to baby – baby’s start exhibiting what sleep pattern in “normal for them” around 3-4 weeks of age.
- Avoid rocking your baby to sleep or holding them until they fall asleep. Babies need to learn to fall asleep on their own. Put them to bed when they are drowsy, but awake.
- click on the following link for sleep safety tips: https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/sleep/Pages/A-Parents-Guide-to-Safe-Sleep.aspx
- Field of vision is expanding (now sees 8-12 inches). Will love bright lights and faces.
- Will startle with loud noises
- Sucking will be the main way infants at this age explore their world
- Will begin to lift head off bed like a turtle
- great developmental guidelines are in the following link: https://www.healthychildren.org/english/ages-stages/baby/Pages/default.aspx
When to Call the Doctor
- Anything that bothers you is important to the your child’s pediatrician. That’s our job!
- If your baby has a fever (over 100.2 degrees F rectally)
- If your baby is not gaining weight
- If there is excessive vomiting, especially if it is forceful
- If your baby is uninterested in eating
- If your baby is irritable or lethargic
- If your baby develops any unusual skin rashes
1st Hepatitis B should be given if not given in the hospital – more information on Hepatitis B vaccination in babies is included in the following link: https://www.healthychildren.org/English/safety-prevention/immunizations/Pages/Hepatitis-B-Vaccine-What-Parents-Need-to-Know.aspx